Politics

Why Mumbai Belongs To All Of Us???

Why Mumbai belongs to all of us?

By Tushar Gandhi Feb 07 2010
The “Mumbai for Ma­rathi Manoos” wa­r cry has once ag­ain been raised to shore up the sagging political fortunes of the Thackeray family.

When the Shiv Sena-BJP combine came to power in 1993, under the guise of  reverting to the original name they replaced Bombay with Mumbai. I wonder when they will discard the anglicised Thackeray and revert back to their original Marathi surname Thakre?

According to ancient history, a grouping of seven islands comprising Colaba, Mazaga­on, Old Woman’s Island, Wadala, Mahim, Parel, and Matunga-Sion formed a part of the kingdom of Ashoka the Great of  Magadh, ironically in North India.


The Bhaiyas and Biharis whom the Thackerays accuse of being outsiders in Mumbai, come from the region, which was a part of Ashoka the Great’s empire.. We judge everything according to history and the history of Mumbai proves that its earliest known ownership was with a North Indian.

The seven islands of Mumbai passed through many hands, the sultans of Gujarat, the Portuguese and the Bri­tish. Every ruler left behind proof of residence in Mumbai.

The Mauryans left behind the Kanheri, Mahakali and the caves of Gharapuri more popularly called Elephanta.

The sultans of Gujarat built the Dargahs at Mahim and Haji Ali, the Portuguese built the two Portuguese churches, one at Prabhadevi and the other St Andrews at Bandra. They built forts at Sion, Mahim, Bandra and Bassien.

The Portuguese named the group of seven Islands ‘Bom Baia’, Good Bay.

The British built a city out of the group of seven islands and called her Bombay.

The original settlers of the seven islands, the Koli fishermen, worshiped Mumbaidevi, her temple still stands at Babulnath near Chowpatty.

The Kolis called the island Mumbai, ‘Mumba, Mother Goddess’.

In 1662, King Charles II of England married the Portu­guese Princess Catherine of Braganza, and received the se­ven islands of Bom Baia as part of his dowry. Six years later, the British Crown leased the seven islands to the English East India Company for a sum of 10 pounds in gold per annum. It was under the Engli­sh East India Company that the future megapolis began to take shape, after the first war for independence Bombay on­ce again became a colony of the British Empire.

History has forgotten this but the first Parsi settler came to Bombay in 1640, he was Dorabji Nanabhoy Patel. In 1689-90, a seve­re plague epidemic broke out in Bombay and most of the European settlers succumbed to it. The Siddi of Janjira attacked in full force. Rustomji Dorabji Patel, a trader and the son of the city’s first Parsi settler, successfully
defeated the Siddi with the help of the Kolis and saved Bombay.

Gerald Au­ngier, Governor of Bombay bu­ilt the Bombay Castle, an ar­ea that is even today referred to as Fort. He also constituted the Courts of law. He brought Gujarati traders, Parsi shipbu­ilders, Mu­slim and Hindu ma­nufacturers from the mainla­nd and settled them in Bombay.

It was during a period of four decades that the city of Bombay took shape. Reclamation was done to plug the br­each at Worli and Mahalakshmi, Hornby Vellard was built in 1784. The Sion Causeway connecting Bombay to Salsette was built in 1803. Colaba Ca­useway
connecting Colaba island to Bombay was built in 1838. A causeway connecting Mahim and Bandra was built in 1845.

Lady Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy, the wife of the First Baronet Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy donated Rs 1, 57,000 to meet construction costs of the cau­seway. She donated Rs 1,00,000 at first.. When the pro­ject cost escalated and mo­ney ran out half way through she donated Rs 57,000 again to ensure that the vital causeway was completed. Lady Jamsetjee stipulated that no toll wou­ld ever be charged for those using the causeway. Today Mumbaikars have to pay Rs 75 to use the Bandra-Worli Sea­link, conne­cting almost the same two islands. Sir J J Hospital was also built by Sir Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy.

The shipbuilding Wadia family of Surat was brought to Bombay by the British.. Jam­shedji Wadia founded the Bombay Port Trust and built the Princess Dock in 1885 and the Victoria Dock and the Mereweather Dry Docks in 1891. Alexandra Dock was built in 1914.

A Gujarati civil engineer supervised the bui­lding of the Gateway of India. The Tatas made Bombay their headquarters and gave it the iconic Taj Ma­hal Hotel and India’s first ci­vilian airlines, Air India. The Godrejs gave India its first vegetarian soap.

Cowasji Nanabhai Daver established Bombay’s first cotton mill, ‘The Bombay Spinning Mills’ in 1854.

By 1915, there were 83 textile mills in Bombay largely owned by Indians. This brou­ght about a financial boom in Bombay.

Although the mills were ow­n­ed by Gujaratis, Kutchis, Parsis and Marwaris, the wo­rk­force was migrant Mahrashtri­ans from rural Maharashtra.

Premchand Roychand, a prosperous Gujarati broker founded the Bombay Stock Ex­change. Premchand Roychand donated Rs 2,00,000 to build the Rajabai Tower in 1878.

Muslim, Sindhi and Punjabi migrants have also contributed handsomely to Mumbai.

Mumbai is built on the blood and sweat of all Indians. Apart from its original inhabitants, the Kolis, everyone else in Mumbai, including Thackeray’s ‘Marathi Man­oos’, are immigrants.

The writer is founder president, Mahatma Gandhi Foundation

2 Comments

  1. That was Informative… I never knew all this about Mumbai till I read it here.. Wow… 🙂
    Thank you so much for writin this up… 😀

    Trupti Shah

  2. Mr. Gandhi, The simple point is Mumbai is an island city not a land locked city like say Delhi or Bangalore or others. Uncontrolled immigration into the city throughout the last century has brought it down to its current pathetic state. Balasaheb has put forth his suggestion for controlling the influx (not just now but since decades).
    If you guys dont agree what is your suggestion for tackling the problems (sick infrastructure, bad roads, water problems, drain problems, unhealthy surroundings …) ?
    And by the way, you want Mumbai for all – Have you been to Kashmir/ North East / Assam? Why not Patna for all? Or West Bengal? Weren't the same Tatas who you credit with development of Mumbai kicked out not less than an year ago?
    When will you hypocrites let go?

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